common injuries

Car accidents can cause many different injuries, to virtually any part of your body, depending on the circumstances of the crash and the severity of the impact.

Brain and Head Injuries

One of the most common and debilitating injuries suffered by drivers and passengers is an acquired brain injury caused by the head being hit or hitting an object violently (called a traumatic brain injury) . Symptoms can be mild, moderate or severe, depending on the extent of damage to the brain and the area effected.  Even when there is no visible sign of trauma (i.e. cuts or bruises), the brain may have been jostled inside the skull due to the force of impact causing bruising, bleeding and swelling of the brain.

Neck Injuries

Another common form of injury from a car accident is neck injuries, which can occur in more mild forms such as whiplash and neck strain, to more serious injuries like cervical dislocation and disc injury.

Spinal Cord Injuries

The damage to the spinal cord is caused  when displaced bone fragments, disc material, or ligaments bruise or tear into spinal cord tissue, destroying axons, the part of our nerve cells that carry signals up and down the spinal cord between the brain and the rest of the body.  Damage to the spinal cord often results in a loss of function or feeling.

Back Injuries

The lower back is the most common site of back injuries, including sprains and strains, herniated discs and fractured vertebrae. These injuries can cause pain and limit your mobility Sometimes the symptoms of even the most serious back injuries can take some time to show up after an accident.  Unfortunately, back injury can cause long lasting pain and discomfort.

Facial Injuries

In a car accident, injuries to the face are common and can be caused by the steering wheel, dashboard, airbag, windshield, side window, car seats or shattered glass. These injuries range in severity from scrapes and bruises, to laceration and fractures, even serious disorders affecting the jaw and serious dental injuries.

Internal Injuries

The impact of a motor vehicle accident can cause internal injuries including, injuries to bowels, kidneys, the spleen, liver, lungs, heart or aorta. Fractured ribs are also quite common, causing puncture lungs and other internal organs.  Internal injuries are life threatening and should be treated by a medical professional immediately.

Psychological Injuries

Motor vehicle accidents involving severe injuries and even loss of life, can result in drivers and passengers suffering short or long-term psychological injuries such as emotional distress, posttraumatic stress disorder, persistent anxiety and depression.  These psychological injuries can affect every facet of a person’s life and have long-lasting effects.


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did you know?

Each year, about 16,000 people are convicted of drinking and driving with a blood alcohol concentration above 0.08 in Ontario – about two people each hour. About a quarter of the province’s annual road fatalities are alcohol-related.

Source: mto

Car Accident Timelines

You have 10 business days to provide the insurance company information after it requests, or it can suspend or deny your benefits.

 
  • 7

    days

    You must inform the Accident Benefits insurance company of the accident and that you were hurt. MORE

  • 30

    days

    You must complete and send the Accident Benefits application within 30 days of it being provided to you by the insurance company. MORE

  • 120

    days

    You need to give written notice of your intention to sue the at-fault parties. MORE

  • 2

    years

    To commence a lawsuit against an at-fault driver or your own insurance company if your benefits are denied. MORE

 

All of the information on this site has been provided by Carranza LLP, Canada’s only ISO 9001:2008 certified personal injury law firm.

1280 Finch Ave. West, Suite 200
Toronto, Ontario Canada
M3J 3K6

T: 1-877-633-1065
F: 416-633-9782

To reach us by email please contact
lawoffice@carranza.on.ca

Disclaimer: This website is meant as a general reference for injured persons and their families. The medical and legal information contained in this manual is not intended to offer legal or medical advice. The content of this website is for informational and educational purposes only and is not intended as a substitute for the professional judgment of a legal and/or healthcare professional, and you should not rely upon any material or statements made on this website for legal or medical advice. It is not intended to create a solicitor-client relationship. It is recommended that you review any medical information carefully with your doctor or healthcare professional before making any decisions regarding your health or recommended medical treatment. While reasonable attempts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information on this website, our firm cannot make express or implied representations or warranties about the accuracy or completeness of the information. Each person's legal needs are unique, and these materials may not be applicable to your legal situation. Please contact an Ontario Personal Injury lawyer for a consultation on your particular personal injury matter.

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